Baby gets new heart just in time for her 1st birthday

iStock(NEW YORK) -- A baby's first birthday feels like a momentous occasion for all parents.

But when it's unclear if your baby will ever actually see that day, the milestone is more like a miracle.

Christy Brown suspected something might be wrong with her then 4-month-old daughter, Rebecca, when she wasn't gaining weight. Several trips to the pediatrician and no results over the course of the next several months led Brown to bring her daughter to a gastrointestinal doctor at Children's Healthcare of Atlanta (CHOA), about two hours away from her home.

She didn't know then that CHOA would actually become home for her and Rebecca for the many months to follow.

"He [the gastro doctor] asked, 'Does she always breathe like that?'" Brown told Good Morning America.

When Brown responded yes, Rebecca was immediately referred to a cardiologist. By the end of the day, Rebecca was in the ICU.

"The left side of her heart was double the normal size," Brown said. "It was pushing against her rib cage."

It turned out the baby was born with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) syndrome, a rare congenital heart defect.

Rebecca had one open heart surgery, which did not correct the problem. She was then given a Berlin heart, or artificial heart pump, while she waited for a heart transplant.

"It's mentally exhausting," Brown said.

Her husband and 13-year-old son were living at home while she and Rebecca waited. At one point, Rebecca suffered a brain bleed that nearly killed her, Brown said. Once that episode was behind them, the family once again turned their focus on getting a heart transplant.

"A few of my relatives told me they had dreams where Rebecca got a heart for her birthday," Brown said. "I thought we'd be celebrating her first birthday in the hospital."

But just a few weeks shy of Rebecca's birthday on Aug. 11, her doctor said there was a heart.

"Of course you don't wish for anything bad to happen to another person's child," Brown said. "But we are so grateful another family chose to have their child live on through Rebecca."

As it turned out, Rebecca not only got her heart in time for her birthday, she also go to go home, a place she had not been in many months.

Three weeks after her transplant, Rebecca is sitting up and smiling. Her mom called these milestones "very reassuring."

"She has done remarkably well, and we are all very happy with her progress,” said Dr. Chad Mao, director, heart transplant program at CHOA.

"The level of appreciation and gratitude I have for all the people at Children's, there's not enough time in my lifetime to thank them," Brown said. "They saved her life."

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Illinois health department points to vaping as possible factor in recent death

iStock(CHICAGO) -- An investigation is underway in Illinois into more than 30 cases where individuals experienced respiratory illness after using e-cigarettes or vaping, state officials said Friday.

One such case involved an individual who allegedly recently vaped before being hospitalized with severe respiratory illness. That individual, whose name, gender and age were not publicly released, died, according to Illinois Department of Public Health.

"The severity of illness people are experiencing is alarming and we must get the word out that using e-cigarettes and vaping can be dangerous," IDPH Director Dr. Ngozi Ezike said in the news release.

The type of e-cigarettes used by these individuals were not disclosed.

"We requested a team from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to help us investigate these cases and they arrived in Illinois on Tuesday," Ezike said.

The CDC announced earlier this month that researchers were working with health departments in five states -- Illinois, Wisconsin, California, Indiana and Minnesota -- to investigate a potential link between breathing problems and the use of e-cigarettes, which have been advertised as a healthier alternative to smoking.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is also investigating reports of seizures among e-cigarette users.

Seizures are a potential side effect of nicotine toxicity, but a recent uptick in "reports of adverse experiences with tobacco products that mentioned seizures occurring with e-cigarette use (e.g., vaping) signal a potential emerging safety issue," the FDA said in April.

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11-year-old cancer survivor celebrates end of chemo by donating to hospital

WLS(CHICAGO) -- A young cancer survivor ended his radiation treatment with a big donation to the Chicago hospital that helped him heal.

Ryan Collins rang the celebration bell at Lurie Children's Hospital in Chicago on Wednesday, but the 11-year-old also gifted the hospital with a check for more than $4,200, money he earned by operating a lemonade stand throughout his treatment, the hospital said.

"We were so honored to celebrate our friend Ryan's end of treatment yesterday with the 'ringing of the bell' and a check presentation with all of his friends and family," the hospital said in a statement Thursday. "Ryan’s Hope held a lemonade [fundraiser] over the summer to help support pediatric cancer research at Lurie Children's and raised over $4,200! We are so grateful for all of our amazing patients and families."

It's been nearly a year since Ryan was rushed to the hospital after vomiting and experiencing mind-numbing headaches. Days later, he had a medulla blastoma removed from the base of his skull.

He spent months battling cancer with radiation treatment and said he even had to pause his chemotherapy once.

"That was really hard," Ryan told ABC's Chicago station WLS. "It was so hard [that] I stop my chemo early because they thought it would do more harm than good."

Ryan and his mother, Becca Collins, said they hope his story inspires others to stay strong and help others in the process.

"What these kids go through is the worst thing you can see and to have your child go through," Becca Collins told WLS, "and then to have him come out on the other end of it and want to help others, and to make improvements in the healthcare industry for other children ... I couldn't be more proud of him."

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This woman donated her kidney to a coworker and now they hope to send a message

Annie York(NEW YORK) -- Bryan Lee keeps his personal life pretty quiet. So quiet that his work colleague, Annie York, didn’t know that the autoimmune disease he has suffered from since he was a child was becoming life-threatening.

Lee’s condition is called Henoch-Schonlein purpura, or HSP, and he told "Good Morning America" he has scarred kidneys, which gives him high blood pressure that would, over time, wear away their function, causing blood vessels in his kidneys to leak. In January, during what Lee thought was going to be a normal checkup, he got the news that he had roughly 14% function left in his kidney.

"It was a big shock," Lee said. "We thought it was years and years away."

With this information, Lee learned that a kidney transplant would be the best possible option to prolong his life. A kidney would last roughly 10 to 15 years, but without a transplant, Lee told "GMA" he would only have close to five years to live.

"I felt pretty sorry for myself," Lee said. "And then I wanted to see what the next step was and keep struggling, keep going on."

It was finally at a mutual friend’s wedding that York learned more.

"We were just chatting," York said. "He opened up to me about the news he had just received that his functionality had gone way down and that he needed to start looking for other options."

Hearing all of this for the first time, it did not take York long to decide what she was going to do.

"Just opening up to me about that, I immediately asked him what his blood type was," she said. "I never looked back honestly."

York and Lee met before they started working together at Kabbage, a technology and financial company. They acted together nearly a decade ago at the Shakespeare Tavern, a close-knit community for theater in Atlanta, producing and acting in pieces centered on female-driven work.

After finding out she was a match, York went into work to tell Lee she was all in and would give him her kidney.

"I told him it was a yes and that it was happening," York said. "He paused, and his face got red and he just started crying. In that moment, I realized the magnitude of what I was doing"

To prepare, York took Lee skydiving on the Monday before the surgery.

"It’s like if you can do something like that, then surgery is easy peasy," York said.

On Aug. 9, the two both went into surgery at Piedmont Hospital in Atlanta and would recover across the hall from one another. Their families met for the first time that morning, and York told "GMA" that Lee’s sister embraced her with tears, extremely grateful for what she was about to give to her brother. Lee and York documented their journey, a story of sacrifice and friendship. The pair hope to encourage others to experience the true gift of organ donation.

"Obviously it’s helping Bryan out in an immense way but it’s affecting everyone," York said. "The world deserves to have him for as long as possible"

Lee told "GMA" he does not have words to express his thanks for York.

"She is literally saving my life," Lee said. "She is giving me time."

According to the National Kidney Foundation, there are, on average, more than 3,000 people added to the kidney transplant waitlist each month. About 13 people die each month while waiting for a life-saving kidney transplant.

"I think people have the misconception that it’s very easy to get an organ transplant," Lee said. "It’s truly not. So many people don’t check that box at the DMV."

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Fermented skincare in the beauty aisle: Here's what to know

webphotographeer/iStock(NEW YORK) -- Fermented ingredients are moving beyond supermarket shelves and popping up all over beauty aisles.

By definition, "Fermentation is the process in which a substance breaks down into a simpler substance. Microorganisms like yeast and bacteria usually play a role in the fermentation process, creating beer, wine, bread, kimchi, yogurt, and other foods."

Also, with the growing awareness of gut health, celebrity nutritionist Keri Glassman points out that fermented foods such as pickles, kimchi and yogurt can help with issues such as inflammation.

Many experts agree that fermented ingredients can actually help extend the shelf life of your skincare.

Carla Oates, founder of The Beauty Chef
, which is a food-based supplement product line made with organic and bio-fermented ingredients, said your skin is home to at least one million bacteria along with an array of fungi, viruses and potentially mites.

"So, applying probiotics topically as part of your skincare routine will actually help to replenish, feed and fortify your skin’s ecosystem, which is your immune system’s first line of defense," she said.

With this knowledge, brands have taken note and created stellar products infused with fermented ingredients that help to work overtime to keep your skin healthy and glowing. Who doesn't want that?

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Owning a dog can help your heart, study finds

Django/iStock(NEW YORK) -- Every day, the dogs need a walk. Every day, they're helping their owners' hearts in more ways than one.

According to a new study published by Mayo Clinic, people who own pets, but especially dogs, are more likely to have better heart health.

"It's nice to see that something we enjoy, like having a dog, is related to better heart health," Dr. Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, study author and chair of the Division of Preventative Cardiology at Mayo Clinic, told ABC News in an interview.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that "active people generally live longer and are at less risk for serious health problems like heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and some cancers."

If you're off the couch with your pet, that counts.

"It's very difficult not to increase the level of activity after you get a pet, in particular, a dog … It makes more sense … they move around. They force us to be active," Lopez-Jimenez says, noting that is vital to health. "Dog-ownership increases the well-being of an individual ... It helps improve people's physical activity, mood, social life, and diet."

Does that mean Wally, a black Russian terrier, is a kind of gym with fur? "I've had three dogs. And when I don't have a dog, I don't go outside as much," Rosemary Stallone, an office manager, sales consultant and mother, told ABC News in an interview. "I like going outside, but when you have a dog, it's much more scheduled. You have no choice."

Another author of the study, Dr. José Medina-Inojosa, agrees. "The behavior of that pet [a dog] is what gives the benefit. Can't walk a fish! And you ride the horse, not walk it," Medina-Inojosa, research associate of the Division of Preventative Cardiology, Mayo Clinic, told ABC News. "Dogs make us go out more often, at least once or twice a day, if not more. And usually more than a few minutes."

Sandhya Raghavan, a mother, retired home-maker and gardener, echoed Lopez-Jimenez's claims – but it's her spouse who's getting the benefit. "My husband takes our dog, [Callie the Collie], out for 45 minutes at least twice a day," she told ABC News in an interview. "It definitely helps with exercise ... with children – it's a two way thing. The dog runs around, the kids run around with it and vice versa. Helps keep them active, maybe more active."

"It also helps them emotionally. If they are upset they will shed a few tears with the dog," said Raghavan. "Our dog is a wealth for my emotional health. … she's always within a foot of me."

It's not just the exercise that improves health. According to Lopez-Jimenez, "studies have shown, owning a dog actually increases social life. People are more likely to talk to others who have dogs."

It doesn't stop there. "Dog owners are more likely to have healthier diets," Lopez-Jimenez said. "You have someone waiting for you. It increases well-being and improves moods. So those things may improve the diet."

"This study builds on other evidence that shows dog-owners are less likely to be depressed ... The heart findings just add that owning a dog may bring a lot of wellness," Lopez-Jimenez added. "Most dog owners will say, 'Wow, I knew there was something.' Some won't be surprised."

And don't discount unconditional affection. "I can't explain, it's a feeling of love only pet owners can understand," according to Raghavan.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Health risks from ingesting microplastics in drinking water 'low,' WHO researchers say

iStock(NEW YORK) -- The risk of ingesting microplastics in drinking water is low, according to a new report from the World Health Organization.

Microplastics, particles of plastic that have broken down to less than 5 millimeters in diameter, have been found in almost every source of water on the planet -- from rivers and lakes, the ocean, wastewater and drinking water -- said Bruce Gordon, coordinator of water, sanitation and hygiene for WHO's Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health, in a call with reporters on Wednesday.

WHO researchers have determined that microplastics larger than 150 micrometers do not present any adverse effects to human health because they essentially pass through the gut without being absorbed, Gordon said. The determination is based on an assessment of existing studies on microplastics and drinking water as well as models created through those findings that represent worst-case scenarios of exposure to microplastics, according to the report.

Microplastics "shouldn’t be the top of anyone’s worry list when it comes to their overall health," Gordon said.

In addition, microplastics are "very, very small contributors" to what bacteria would normally colonize on, such as biofilms, which form when microorganisms grow on pipes for drinking water and other surfaces, Gordon said.

"Although there is insufficient information to draw firm conclusions on the toxicity related to the physical hazard of plastic particles, particularly for the nano-sized particles, no reliable information suggests it is a concern," according to a press release from WHO.

While overall more microplastics have been found in bottled water, the researchers expressed concern over the way the samples were taken, asking the public to practice healthy skepticism and calling for an established standard method for measuring microplastics in freshwater.

Wastewater and drinking water treatment systems, when operated efficiently, can significantly reduce the amounts of microplastics in the water, Gordon said.

However, the researchers acknowledged that their assessment was based on limited evidence and called for more research to be done on microplastics.

The top priority is forming a better understanding of how microplastics end up in the water cycle, said Jennifer de France, technical officer for WHO's Department of Public Health.

The more pressing matter concerning drinking water is the estimated 2 billion people who drink water contaminated with fecal matter, which researchers believe leads to nearly 1 million deaths per year, Gordon said.

"That has got to be the focus of regulators around the world and we don’t recommend that regulators be monitoring for microplastics routinely," he said.

A "substantial proportion" of populations around the world do not have access to effective water treatment, De France said.

"So, that should be a priority as well," she said, describing the initiative as a "win-win" that will remove microbial pathogens, resulting in the reduction of diseases and a decrease of microplastics.

WHO researchers are also calling for a global reduction of plastic pollution and will direct future research on a broader assessment of microplastics in the environment, including through food and air.

Gordon suggested that people who are concerned about plastic pollution and microplastics drink tap water if they have access to a well-managed water supply.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Boy who can't be exposed to sun gets a custom tent to play in his yard

Jim Molodich(GRISWOLD, Conn.) -- When Brody, a 4-year-old Connecticut boy, was asked what wish he wanted to come true, his only dream was that he could be able to play outside.

Brody, of Griswold, Conn., was born premature at 27 weeks and faces medical conditions and medications that cause him to overheat and burn easily meaning he can’t spend any time outside, according to his mother, Julia Rubin.

“He’ll get burn blisters on his face just driving him from the house to the hospital,” Rubin, a single mom to Brody and his three siblings, told Good Morning America. “There are all of these things he can’t do.”

Brody was born with chiari malformations, structural defects in the part of the brain that controls balance, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

He has trouble walking and lives with chronic, debilitating pain, according to his mom. He only began talking one year ago after undergoing surgery to remove some of the pressure in his brain, Rubin said.

Brody has also never been able to eat or drink and wears a backpack 24/7 that contains a pump that feeds him, according to Rubin.

“I can’t even count the number of surgeries he’s had since he’s been born,” she said. “He’s spent probably half his life at the hospital.”

When Make-A-Wish Connecticut, an organization that creates life-changing wishes for children with critical illnesses, heard about Brody’s request to play outside, they immediately jumped into action.

This was two years ago, in 2017.

"It’s the most simple, most sweet wish, just to play outside but it turned into the most challenging wish I’ve ever had to put together," said Debbie Artinian, the wish manager at Make-A-Wish Connecticut who coordinated Brody's wish. "We’ve never done anything like it before."

Artinian and her team determined that a temperature-controlled tent outside Brody's home where he could play and not be in the sun would be the best option, but then had to find a tent that was not permanent, could withstand weather conditions like wind and snow, had the right material to block all UV rays and one that could be made with small and low windows that could be taken down by Rubin alone if needed.

Artinian finally found a company based in the United Kingdom that could design and make the tent. Then she discovered that a deck would need to be built so that Brody, who will one day be in a wheelchair, could access the tent on his own.

"A local company donated all the lumber and another contractor went out and built the deck for us," said Artinian. He was a complete stranger and he really is the one who helped us grant the wish because we had the tent but we didn’t have a way to put it down without the deck."

Brody got his first look at the tent earlier this summer, in June, at a party that featured his favorite superhero, Spider Man.

"When he walked out of the door and I saw his face, it was just everything," said Artinian. "Now when Brody says, ‘Can I go out and play,?’ his mom can say, 'Yes.'"

Not long after the tent was installed at his home, Brody faced more medical complications and was hospitalized for much of the summer.

He is now back home and enjoying spending nearly all his time "outside" in the tent, according to Rubin.

"He loves it," she said. "He just says he's going outside and he can go right to it."

One side of the tent features a beach scene because Brody loves the beach, even though he is not able to go into water because of his backpack. Make-A-Wish Connecticut filled the tent with water toys and a kids' pool filled with balls to make Brody feel as much as possible like he's out at the beach.

"I can't say enough thanks. There is not enough gratitude," Rubin said of the wish Brody was granted. "It’s hard to make life completely normal for Brody but we try to make it as normal as we can."

"I'm just happy for every day I get with him," she added.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

This teen is living her best life after surviving a rare 18-hour transplant surgery

The Park family(PITTSBURGH) -- Jaycee Park, 16, used to struggle to do everyday things.

Her gums would gush blood when she brushed her teeth. Her scalp would start bleeding when she showered. Eating, sleeping and drinking also presented daily challenges.

Park was born with a condition called Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome, or MMIHS, which affects the muscles that line the bladder and intestines, according to the National Institute of Health.

It led to a litany of issues, one of which was a lot of bleeding. It was a lifelong journey, but after receiving a multivisceral transplant, Park can now do the things she couldn't do when she was sick.

"Transplant is a very difficult thing," Park says on her YouTube channel, Jaycee's Journey. "It's a mentally traumatizing thing. But it is also a beautiful thing. It gives people life back. It gives their family their loved one back. It brings back happiness."

Park got her first intestinal transplant at 6 years old, which led to short bowel syndrome.

About a decade after receiving the transplant, she developed scarring in her abdomen and had to get her intestine taken out.

It didn't end there.

Her liver started to fail. It got so bad that she was in end-stage liver failure and given weeks to live.

Her only hope was a multivisceral transplant, a surgery that would transplant the stomach, the pancreas, the small bowel, the liver and the large intestine altogether.

It's a surgery so rare that she had to be put on a waiting list. So many people needed organs and placement on the list was determined by medical urgency. The sicker you were, the higher you were placed on the list.

"Very few are done in the country per year," Kyle Soltys, the pediatric transplant surgeon at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center's Children's Hospital.

After more than 100 days on the list, Park got the call that it was time. The surgery takes about 18 hours to perform and success is not promised.

"It was a long shot," Park said.

For Park, there was a dichotomy: she was excited to finally get the surgery but nervous about the result.

"I accepted if something happened to me, it happened," she said. "Whatever happens is meant to happen."

Mom Danette Park held her hand as she went in, and didn't let go until the anesthesiologist put Jaycee to sleep.

Park and her mom, Danette, have a ritual where they name everyone they love before surgery. Then, Danette reassured her daughter that everything would be okay.

"I kept saying, 'You're going to stop bleeding now,'" Danette recalled telling her daughter before the surgery. "'This is it. You're going to be all brand new, everything new. All that old ugly stuff is going to be out.'"

About 18 hours later, the operation was a success.

"God was on our side," Danette Park said. "He watched out for her, for sure."

Now, Park can do all the things she couldn't. She can swim, go to school, attend football games, run up stairs and even enjoy a good night's sleep.

"I have a lot more energy than I did before," Park said. "I feel a lot better. I can actually do things ... I'm always ready for something to happen."

She's going into her junior year of high school and is starting to look at colleges. Her dream? She ultimately wants to open her own intestinal care unit and partner with UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, the same hospital that gave her that life-saving surgery.

"I want kids to work with me so I can bring them back to life," she said. "I just want to help them."

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Experts offer new recommendations for screening more women for breast cancer

praetorianphoto/iStock(NEW YORK) -- Annually, about 247,200 cases of breast cancer are diagnosed in the U.S. and nearly 42,000 people die each year from breast cancer, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Besides certain types of skin cancer, more women are diagnosed with breast cancer than any other cancer in the U.S., regardless of race or ethnicity.

The United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF), an independent, volunteer panel of national experts in prevention and evidence-based medicine which most doctors follow, has expanded its recommendations for screening for BRCA1 and 2 gene mutations, "some of the most common gene mutations seen in inherited breast cancers," Dr. Banu Arun, professor of Breast Medical Oncology and co-director of Clinical Cancer Genetics at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, told ABC News' Good Morning America in an interview.

Before Tuesday, women with a family history of certain types of cancer were encouraged to have additional screenings for a risk assessment that may predispose them to being diagnosed with breast cancer. The updated recommendations now also looks at the woman’s personal medical history and will encourage additional risk assessment if she has concerning risk factors herself.

Women who have "had breast, ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancer and have not been tested or who have ancestors associated with BRCA1/2 gene mutations" should also be assessed for risk, Dr. Carol Mangione, task force member and professor of medicine and public health at UCLA, told GMA.

There are several quick risk assessment tools that health care providers can use. If it is positive, the USPSTF recommends "genetic counseling and, if indicated after counseling, genetic testing."

"We do not recommend routine assessment of people who do not have a personal or family history or ancestral connection," Dr. Mangione said. "The harms of doing so outweigh the risks."

If doctors "implement these recommendations in their routine clinical practices it will increase patient and provider awareness. More patients will be tested and we will miss less," said Dr. Arun.

Dr. Arun recommends, "Knowing your family history, living a healthy lifestyle, engaging in physical activity, and having proper weight control" to help reduce the risk of developing breast cancer.

However, the new recommendations, do not "address many persistent problems," according to Dr. Susan Domcheck, executive director of the Basser Center for BRCA at the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania, who released an editorial published in JAMA. The changes are "certainly valuable," she commented in a Penn Medicine news release, but "they do not include newly diagnosed breast or ovarian cancer patients or advanced cancer patients in its recommendations."

Dr. Domcheck and the USPSTF indicate the need for additional research regarding BRCA mutations and risk factors, including the effect of race, ethnicity and socioeconomic status.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Breastfeeding basics: All of your questions answered

kate_sept2004/iStock(NEW YORK) -- Breastfeeding has proven health benefits for mom and baby.

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for about six months of life when possible. Breast milk is the perfect source of nutrition and contains mom-made infection-fighting agents that protect babies against infection. At six months, the AAP recommends continued breastfeeding for one year or longer as complementary solid foods are introduced.

But learning how to breastfeed can be an extremely frustrating process for moms. Getting the basics right can set you, and your baby, up for breastfeeding success.

Here's what you need to know:

1. How to tell if your baby is hungry

One of the first ways your baby communicates with you is by displaying “hunger cues." We all know that a crying baby may be hungry, but if you pay attention you can pick up on more subtle “hunger cues” before they start bawling.

When a baby smacks his or her lips, sticks the tongue out, brings fists to mouth and turns their head side to side they are letting you know that they are ready to be fed.

2. Prep

Especially when just starting to breastfeed it's important that your environment is calm, quiet and comfortable. You should be in a space where you feel comfortable.

Your seat should have good back support and any support pillows you plan to use should be within arm's reach.

Sometimes babies get too cozy when breastfeeding and start to drift off to sleep after a minute or two feeding. To prevent your baby from getting "milk drunk" and falling off the breast too early, you can strip them down to their diaper before a feed.

If your baby is in the middle of a crying fit, try to comfort them and calm them down before you attempt to feed.

3. Take a cuddle break

Hold your baby skin to skin between your breasts. Skin to skin contact is a wonderful way to bond with your baby and who doesn’t love a cuddle? But it also helps promote milk production.

Once your baby is situated on your chest, observe him or her. Is your baby's head bobbing? Is you baby showing other hunger cues on your chest? If so, great!

Time to master the hold.

4. Breastfeeding holds

These are two of the tried and tested favorite breastfeeding holds of moms everywhere:

Cross-cradle hold

This hold is an excellent starting point for new moms and a great way to support your baby’s latch.

Hold baby's head at your right breast and baby's body toward your left side. Baby’s tummy should be nestled up against yours. Your left hand should be behind your baby's ears and neck with your forearm supporting your babies back. A pillow can be placed underneath the left arm to support mom’s arm. Hold your right breast with your right hand as if you are squeezing a sandwich and direct the nipple toward the baby’s mouth to help the latch.

Clutch or 'football' hold

This hold is ideal for those recovering from a C-section or have a larger chest as it keeps the baby's weight off your belly.

Cradle baby by your right side, level with your waist. Support your baby’s head with your right hand, baby’s mouth facing toward the front of the right breast and near the nipple. Baby’s back will rest on your forearm -- think Tom Brady clutching a football under his arm.

A pillow underneath the right arm can help support the baby’s weight and prevent arm aches.

Use your left hand to cup right breast so you help direct nipple to baby’s mouth and support latch.

5. All about the latch

Ah, the latch. This can be the toughest hurdle breastfeeding moms need to overcome. The main thing we want to see is baby’s mouth open wide, tongue over bottom gum and as you bring them toward breast for their chin to be the first thing that makes contact with your breast when baby is latching on.

You can encourage the baby’s mouth to open wide by brushing the nipple gently against the baby’s upper lip.

For new moms it can be hard to get a sense of how much nipple and areola (the pigmented skin that surrounds the nipple), a baby should take into their mouth when latching on. It's helpful to remember that when breastfeeding your nipple should be positioned against the roof and toward the back of the baby's mouth. They should have a good portion of areola in their mouth.

6. Still having trouble?

If you continue to have trouble breastfeeding, you can always reach out to your doctor or a lactation consultant.

Three of the most common breastfeeding problems encountered by new moms are pain, difficulty latching and milk production.

Problem 1: Breastfeeding hurts!

The most common cause of breastfeeding pain is that your baby is not latching correctly.

Another common cause of pain is nipple soreness. To combat nipple soreness after breastfeeding, wipe damaged nipples gently with moist cotton wool to remove any debris and then let nipples air dry. This helps to prevent infection. Once the nipples are dry, a lanolin cream or a few drops of breast milk can be applied on the nipples. Cooling packs also can provide comfort.

Another tip: Breast shells can also be worn to prevent sore nipples chaffing against clothing between feedings.

Problem 2: My baby still isn't latching correctly.

There are lots of different reasons your baby may not be latching correctly.

Frequently when moms complain of poor latching, they are describing nipple feeding. This is where a baby is just sucking on the tip of the nipple at the front of their mouth and not taking enough nipple and areola into their mouth.

If baby gets too fussy or too tired, he or she will not cooperate with your best efforts to feed them. The best time to feed baby is when they are quiet with their eyes open.

Around 10% of women have inverted nipples. This isn’t a problem for most babies, but some can have difficulty. You can wear nipple formers in between feeds to help inverted nipple protrude more, making it easier for baby to feed.

Problem 3: I don't think I'm making enough milk?

The most important advice we can give a mom struggling to produce enough milk is that you need to take care of yourself first.

Two weeks after the baby is born, your only job should be to rest, eat and feed baby. Enlist you partner, family and friends to help around the house. Holding baby skin to skin can also help with milk supply. If you need to be at work and are pumping, keeping a picture of baby with you along with a scent cloth can help milk production.

It’s good to keep in mind that when a baby is first born their stomach is only the size of a marble. The first milk you produce, called colostrum, is designed to provide adequate nutrition. It's so nutritious it’s nicknamed “liquid gold" and a little goes a long way.

7. How do I know my baby is getting enough milk?

The best way to assess if a baby is getting enough milk is by closely tracking their weight gain with their pediatrician.

However, if your baby is making less than six wet diapers a day, it may be a sign they may be not receiving enough milk and may need to be seen by a doctor.

8. What if this doesn’t work for me and my baby?

Don’t panic, there is help out there.

There can be many, many reasons that breastfeeding doesn’t work out or that a mother will decide that it isn’t the right choice for her family.

Not breastfeeding your baby means nothing about you as a mother or the bond you share with your baby.

You can also always contact your baby’s doctor or seek help from a lactation consultant.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Women affected by hair loss turn to 'toppers' to find their confidence again

Cindy Dwyer(NEW YORK) -- Cindy Dwyer, was diagnosed with stage three brain cancer in 2013, and underwent surgery, 35 days of radiation and a year of chemotherapy. After upending her life and battling her illness, Dwyer, now 57 years old, made a full recovery -- except for a patch on her head where the tumor was removed.

Her doctor told her that the hair follicles were burned, but after months of waiting, Dwyer came to terms with the fact that her hair wasn’t coming back.

She said she started looking around for something that would make her love her hair again.

"I was searching for a hair piece that would work for me," Dwyer told ABC News' Good Morning America, noting she finally found a line of hair pieces or "toppers" crafted from human hair from a brand called the Lauren Ashtyn Collection. "When the topper was placed on my head I looked in the mirror, and I was filled with joy. I felt whole again. It was one of the best days of my life.”

Many think that only men have to worry about hair loss, but according to the Cleveland Clinic, more than 50% of women will experience noticeable hair loss. Female-pattern hair loss (FPHL) affects approximately 30 million women in the U.S., the Cleveland Clinic reports, and women over 40, women who just gave birth and women undergoing chemotherapy are among those most commonly affected.

For women experiencing hair loss, the impact that a hair piece can have on their lives goes beyond the superficial.

In addition to giving women their confidence back, they can also help women who need to keep up a certain appearance for their job.

One such woman is Jackie Kostek.

Kostek, a reporter based in Chicago who appears on segments of You and Me, a local morning talk show, said she started noticing that her hair was thinning about four years ago.

“One day I came home, put my hair in a ponytail, when I looked into the mirror I was shocked. It dawned on me that my hair was getting thinner,” Kostek recalled.

Then she started seeing more of her hair in the bathroom sink, and less of it on her head.

“For about six months, I cried every single day,” she said. “I wondered if a man would ever find me attractive again, or if I’d be able to fulfill my lifelong dream of working in television—being an on-air reporter and anchor.”

After doing some research, she realized that her hair was likely falling out due to stress and genetics.

She tried a bunch of remedies for about seven months, to no avail. But then she started researching extensions and turned to a hair piece.

Kostek shared her hair loss journey in a segment with her viewers as she reached out to the Lauren Ashtyn Collection see if they’d be willing to help her. The result was an on-air segment of Kostek trying on a topper for the first time, and having it trimmed to match her haircut.

The Lauren Ashtyn Collection uses human hair and matches the color and style to each client, the company told GMA. It began as a company that catered to hair extensions for women, but has expanded its offerings to provide clip-in toppers for women with mild to severe hair loss.

There are many hair loss treatments on the market today, including Rogaine, Aldactone and iron supplements.

In addition to the Lauren Ashytn Collection, whose pieces retail from $450 to $900 on average, brands such as Uniwigs, Headcovers, and all provide hair pieces for women who experience balding or hair loss.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

How to find the right sports bra for your body

mediaphotos/iStock(NEW YORK) -- Melanie Yvette Martin is a 31-year-old blogger who works out out three times a week, doing everything from running to kickboxing, spin and dance classes.

And three times a week, Martin, of Brooklyn, New York, encounters the same problem of having to wear an uncomfortable or unflattering sports bra.

"My biggest issue is always support and feeling like I look good in them, enough to only wear a sports bra to the gym and not a big, bulky T-shirt," she told ABC News' Good Morning America. "And there is lots of movement in my classes, so it would hurt my chest, and sometimes my bra's strips dig into my skin and taking the bras off is always annoying."

Martin, a DD cup size, is not alone in needing a sports bra to work out but not having the right one for her body, according to Lexie Sachs, associate director of the Textiles, Paper and Plastics Lab at the Good Housekeeping Institute.

"A sports bra should not be any type of hindrance to your workout or cause physical discomfort," she told GMA. "If anything, a sports bra should be kind of a fueling power to a good workout. It should not get in the way."

Sachs and her team of textile experts at Good Housekeeping have led the way in evaluating dozens of sports bras, including having real women ranging from A through H cup sizes test them out during workouts.

"I would say the biggest mistake comes down to not thinking about your own size and activity level, or getting stuck in your head what you think you should be buying in a sports bra," Sachs said. "It's kind of life-changing [when women] realize a sports bra does exist for their size that makes them feel good and look good."

Here are Sachs' four tips for shopping for a sports bra.

1. Try on different sizes: The size you wear in a regular bra may not be the size you need in a sports bra, and sizes vary widely from brand to brand, so make sure to try on options instead of just grabbing your normal size, recommends Sachs. Once you've purchased a sports bra, check in at least twice a year to make sure it's still giving you the support you need.

2. Check the bust and band: Any gaping or loose fabric in the bust area can be a sign a bra is too big, while spillage is a sign the bra is too small. The back band of a sports bra should sit flat against your back, making the bra fit snugly but not too tight, according to Sachs. If the band rides high on your back, it's a sign the bra is the wrong fit.

3. Give it a fitting room trial: If you are using the bra for high-impact workouts, do a few jumping jacks in the dressing room or jog in place to check the support. If you are going for more low-impact, do some quick yoga moves in the bra to make sure it does not constrict you, recommends Sachs.

4. Do a quick water test: Not all sports bras are as moisture-wicking as they claim to be according to Sachs. She recommends doing a quick test by placing a drop of water on the fabric. If the water quickly spreads out, that's a good sign. If the water beads up, that's a sign the bra is not moisture-wicking.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

Florida man arrested for having Trump-shaped ecstasy pills

Pinellas County Sheriffs Office(CLEARWATER, Fla.) -- A Florida man was arrested after he was caught with five ecstasy pills that were the color orange and in the shape of President Trump's face, police said.

Brendan Dolan-King, 23, had the ecstasy pills hidden inside his air vent at his home in the city of Clearwater, according to an arrest report from the Pinellas County Sheriff’s Office.

They were labeled “Trump NL," according to the report.

A spokesman for the Clearwater Police Department told ABC News that officers occasionally find ecstasy pills in different shapes, including ones featuring a Batman or Superman logo.

However, he added, “we have not seen one in this shape before.”

Police also allegedly found a tan powder in the air vents that was later positively identified as fentanyl through lab testing.

The testing also confirmed that the Trump-shaped tablets were MDMA, commonly known as ecstasy, according to police.

Police were responding to a call about an overdose Friday night when they made the discovery, according to the report.

Dolan-King was a resident of the home where the overdose happened, the report said.

He was charged with possession of a controlled substance. It was not immediately clear if Dolan-King had legal representation.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

New measles numbers show the disease continues to spread but at slightly slower pace

Hailshadow/iStock(ATLANTA) -- The number of measles cases continues to grow, though at a slightly less rapid pace than was recorded earlier in the year.

The Centers for Disease Control announced Monday that there were 21 new cases of measles in the most recent recorded week, bringing the total number to 1,203 confirmed cases.

In early May, there were 60 new cases in a week, and in late April, that number jumped to 78 cases in one week. There were 71 new cases the week before that. The numbers through May 17 showed an increase of 41 cases from the prior report.

The number of cases this year already reached the highest number since measles was declared eliminated in the country in 2000.

The 1,203 figure also means it is the greatest number of measles cases in the U.S. since 1992, according to the CDC. There are now 30 states that have confirmed cases, with recent additions including Ohio and Alaska.

There are six ongoing outbreaks, where three or more cases are in effect, which is down from higher numbers earlier this year.

The outbreaks still remain in New York's Rockland and Wyoming Counties, New York City, Washington state, Los Angeles County in California, and El Paso, Texas.

More than three quarters of the cases were linked to outbreaks in New York, the CDC reported. Those outbreaks, including the ones in Rockland County and New York City, started in 2018 and carried through to the present.

According to the Rockland County health department website, the outbreak there was tied to 296 cases, and in New York City there have been 653 confirmed cases, the city's health website states.

The CDC reported that of the 1,203 confirmed cases, 124 people were hospitalized and 64 people reported having complications that included pneumonia and encephalitis.

The majority of cases were reported to have infected people who had not been vaccinated against the disease.

Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.

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